[ti:Blackbeard’s Ship Comes to the US Supreme Court] [by:蜗蜗牛小游戏网 www.liandama.cn] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn [00:00.16]The pirate known as Blackbeard terrorized [00:04.49]the Atlantic coast of North America in the early 1700s. [00:10.20]In a few months, the United States Supreme Court [00:14.68]will hear a case related to Blackbeard's ship. [00:19.56]The case involves a filmmaker who claims the rights [00:24.56]to images of the ship belong to him, not the state of North Carolina. [00:31.20]Here is what happened. [00:33.32]Back in 1718, Blackbeard was sailing a ship [00:38.92]named the Queen Anne's Revenge, after a former queen of England. [00:45.12]One day the Queen Anne's Revenge and a smaller ship [00:49.52]went into a harbor now known as Beaufort Inlet, in North Carolina. [00:55.76]The water was not very deep, and the ships ran into the sand. [01:02.32](Blackbeard may have grounded the ships on purpose, [01:05.64]but that is another story.) [01:08.40]Blackbeard abandoned the Queen Anne's Revenge, [01:12.08]along with a number of its crew members. [01:15.44]He and a few of his favorite pirates escaped with valuable treasure. [01:22.32]A few months later, Blackbeard was killed by British forces. [01:28.40]And, in time, the Queen Anne's Revenge disappeared under the water. [01:35.76]In U.S. law, the sunken ship and everything on it [01:41.72]belongs to the state of North Carolina. [01:46.64]Jump to the year 1996. [01:50.40]A private company found the remains of the Queen Anne's Revenge. [01:56.36]The company used divers and archeologists [02:00.84]to explore the wreckage and bring the artifacts to the surface. [02:07.08]A media company, Nautilus Productions, [02:10.52]took pictures and videos of the recovery effort. [02:15.40]The co-owner of the media company, Frederick Allen, [02:19.56]received federal copyright protection over the images. [02:24.40]In other words, U.S. national law says no one can use the images [02:30.68]without getting the company's permission and paying Nautilus. [02:36.24]Yet North Carolina state officials used some of the images on YouTube [02:43.20]and a state agency website without permission [02:47.48]– some would claim the officials "pirated" them. [02:52.12]The state government also passed a law [02:55.24]to make some of the images into public records, [02:58.76]free for anyone to use. [03:01.88]In answer, Nautilus co-owner Frederick Allen [03:06.00]brought legal action against the state of North Carolina. [03:11.28]At issue is whether states must pay damages for copyright violations. [03:19.16]Historically, the U.S. Constitution and some earlier court cases [03:25.08]have protected states against lawsuits. [03:29.56]But in 1990, the U.S. Congress passed a law allowing states [03:35.87]to be sued for illegal copying. [03:39.56]A lower court said the 1990 law is not constitutional. [03:46.24]Congress did not have the power to make such a law, the lower court said. [03:52.32]As a result, a judge dismissed Allen's case. [03:57.88]So now, Allen is taking his argument to the U.S. Supreme Court. [04:04.16]He says states are breaking federal law [04:08.32]and then refusing to pay damages for their violations. [04:13.48]He also says people who create original work [04:18.16]need a way to object when states ignore copyright laws. [04:24.84]The Supreme Court has agreed only to hear the case. [04:29.52]The justices will likely make a ruling on it next year. [04:34.28]I'm Kelly Jean Kelly. 更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn