[ti:Finland Will Need to Import Biomass to Keep Warm] [by:蜗蜗牛小游戏网 www.liandama.cn] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn [00:01.72]Finland is the most heavily forested country in Europe. [00:06.96]That makes Finland rich in biomass. [00:11.00]Biomass is fuel developed from organic materials. [00:16.24]It includes forest, parts of trees as well as plant and animal waste. [00:23.92]Yet the northern European nation may soon be unable to meet [00:28.64]an expected 70% rise in demand for biomass fuel once it stops using coal. [00:37.92]Earlier this year, Finland approved a measure to ban the use of coal [00:43.00]in energy production by May 2029. [00:48.04]Power companies will now have to find other ways to keep Finns warm. [00:53.68]Coal currently makes up about 20% of the energy used for heating homes. [01:01.44]There are limited plans to use more natural gas to produce heat. [01:07.08]Other heating sources, such as geothermal energy and the sun's energy, [01:13.28]are not yet commercially viable in Finland. [01:17.64]In other words, power companies lack the technology [01:21.40]to effectively use such sources and earn a profit. [01:26.88]Many experts believe that using more biomass [01:30.68]is the most economical way of meeting the country's future energy needs. [01:37.56]The management consulting service Poyry advises the government [01:42.30]on Finland's energy, industry and public service needs. [01:48.60]It estimates that the country will need 64 terawatt hours' [01:53.60]worth of biomass in 2030 for energy production alone. [02:00.24]The current usage is 38 terawatt hours. [02:04.08]However, Finland's supply of biomass is expected to grow [02:09.08]by only eight terawatt hours between now and 2030. [02:14.24]As a result, Poyry says the country will have to import biomass [02:20.72]as well as improve its management of forests. [02:25.16]It also says Finland will need to depend more [02:29.20]on harvested plant wastes for energy. [02:33.10]Finland's largest special interest group on energy issues [02:37.88]also predicts large increases in the use of biomass in coming years. [02:45.52]Jukka Leskela is the head of the group, called Energia. [02:50.68]He said, "It's slightly awkward that Finland would run an energy policy [02:58.48]that will make us a net importer of biomass. We are a forest country." [03:05.24]He spoke to the Reuters news agency. [03:09.16]Forests cover 75% of Finland's land. [03:14.88]But the number of trees harvested is limited by law, [03:19.28]with most of the wood saved for the pulp industry. [03:23.92]The government would be unable to add much more supply for energy use. [03:29.96]Riku Huttunen is head of Finland's energy office. [03:34.61]He said, "The pressure is to limit the use of (domestic) wood... [03:40.52]it is normally used in the regions where there is a lot of wood and fewer people [03:47.76]but now we are talking about towns with very little forest and many people. [03:54.04]It is evident that we need imports." [03:58.24]Huttunen added that moving biomass from northern Finland was also a limitation. [04:06.80]Shipping biomass from neighboring countries was less costly. [04:12.80]Such imports could come from other countries around the Baltic Sea, [04:17.68]including Sweden, Estonia and Russia. [04:22.84]Energia estimates show biomass will make up nearly 60 percent [04:28.40]of the fuel mix in Finland's combined heat and power factories in 2030. [04:35.34]That is up from the current usage of less than 30 percent. [04:41.08]Finland has seven combined heat and power plants that use coal [04:45.93]either as the main or backup fuel for homes and businesses. [04:51.64]Industry officials say the country will also make greater use of heat pumps [04:57.44]and surplus heat from data centers, as well as heat storage solutions. [05:05.20]I'm Jill Robbins. [05:09.40]更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn