[ti:Immigrants Play Big Part in Caring for Older Adults, Disabled in US] [by:蜗蜗牛小游戏网 www.liandama.cn] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn [00:00.01]Proposed limits on immigration to the United States [00:05.06]may worsen the nation's shortage of workers [00:09.05]who care for old and disabled people, a new study finds. [00:14.90]More than three million immigrants work within the U.S. healthcare system. [00:21.26]That represents 18 percent of all health care workers. [00:26.77]Nearly 25 percent of care providers in nursing homes nationwide are immigrants. [00:34.62]Nursing homes care for elderly adults [00:38.82]and people with a physical disability or long-term health disorder. [00:44.81]Doctor Leah Zallman is a professor of medicine [00:49.55]at Harvard Medical School in Massachusetts. [00:53.05]She was the lead writer of a report on the study. [00:57.91]The report appeared earlier this month in the publication Health Affairs. [01:03.55]Zallman said, "We rely heavily on immigrants to care [01:08.66]for the elderly and disabled, particularly in their everyday care." [01:14.35]To take a closer look at the importance of immigrants in the healthcare system, [01:20.68]Zallman and other researchers examined the Annual Social [01:26.16] and Economic Supplement of the 2018 Current Population Survey. [01:32.27]The survey found that 1 million workers [01:36.03]in the long-term healthcare industry were immigrants. [01:39.93]That represents 23.5 percent of total workers in such jobs. [01:46.18]Zallman noted that immigrants are especially likely to work overnight hours. [01:52.36]"This is an industry that needs people round-the-clock," she said. [01:57.33]"They [immigrants] are really filling the gaps." [02:00.25]In 2017, more than 27 percent of direct care workers were immigrants. [02:08.49]The study defined "direct care work" as nurses, [02:12.51]home health aides or home care aides. [02:16.20]Such workers help with everyday activities [02:19.38]like helping people eat meals, put on clothes, and wash up. [02:25.21]Nurses and health aides perform other duties, [02:29.53]such as taking a patient's blood pressure and offering range-of-motion exercises. [02:36.20]Home care aides may help clean a patient's home and cook food for them. [02:42.49]They do not perform medical tasks. [02:45.83]The elderly population in America is expected to double by the year 2050. [02:53.33]Workers who are prepared to care for elderly or disabled patients [02:58.25]are already in short supply, the researchers noted. [03:02.29]The Health Resources and Services Administration predicts a 34-percent rise [03:09.19]in the demand for direct care workers over the next 10 years. [03:15.04]Last month, the administration of President Donald Trump proposed legislation [03:21.52]that would reduce the number of legal immigrants [03:24.75]while placing more importance on educated, skilled immigrants. [03:29.69]Such changes, the report noted, [03:33.48]"could sharply reduce the number of low-wage immigrant workers." [03:38.31]Albert Wu is a doctor and professor of health policy [03:43.23]at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health in Maryland. [03:48.62]He called the new study "very important and timely." [03:52.89]Wu said, "The current proposal to restrict immigration [03:58.02]to more skilled or professional applicants runs directly counter [04:03.02]to the need for this category of work." [04:06.41]I'm Ashley Thompson. 更多听力请访问www.liandama.cn